Saturday, April 11, 2015

The Great Charter ... known by its Latin name "Magna Carta".


Pictured is a 13th century copy of the Magna Carta manuscript.

The Magna Carta is an 800-year-old document with the core principal contained therein that no-one is above the law.   Today is is used as  the foundation of many legal documents and is still the subject of great conflict regarding it.

The word "Magna Carta" just
means 'Great Charter' in Latin. The entire document is in written in Latin text.

The Magna Carta document was first drawn up in 1215.  It was granted by King John on the 15th day of June 1215 at Runnymede.   Runnymede is located near the River Thames in Surrey.

The reason for  Magna Carta's existence and why it was written and granted was because it was originally
meant as a peace treaty between King John and his barons, with whom he was at war. King John never 'signed' Magna Carta
instead John used his Great Seal to authenticate the document. [Back in the Middle Ages kings never signed their name on documents to pass them into law].

The original Magna Carta had 63 clauses. Today, only three of the original 63 clauses remain on the statute books.

... Of these three surviving clauses remaining one stands to defend the liberties and rights of the English Church, the second confirms the liberties and customs of London and other towns, and lastly a third, which gives all English subjects the right to justice and a fair trial.

For some more really solid research into the Magna Carta go to this website for masses of information relating to its base in law in our modern day Law systems.

Taken from the above website..
Runaway taxation, argued many American colonists, was the signature of tyrannical government.  The Barons who revolted against King John couldn’t have agreed more.  And where there is a danger of a king turning tyrant, the Barons proposed that there is a need for a strong system of checks and balances.  Chapter 61 of Magna Carta created a council of review that was empowered to monitor the King’s government and to take (legal!) military action against the king when his actions defied the limits imposed by the charter.  The king is not above the law.
None shall be imprisoned nor put out of his Freehold, nor of his Franchises nor free Custom.... this does not fit with what has happened to the first people of this nation today or anytime in the colonial past.
IMG 2553

Welcome to the Jungle as Guns n Roses said.... welcome to the world of legal jargon and mad Latin phrases that curl your toes.  I dare say it was a  huge learning experience for Brice to go over all this in detail.   The Mortgage. or Death Contract as it could be better translated to

Images @ Eminpee Fotography - Brice with a bunch of Legal Papers

No comments: